Sports injuries area unit injuries that occur in athletic activities or physical exertion. They can after effect from accidents, poor training address in practice, bare equipment, and overuse of an accurate physique part. In the United States, there are about 30 million teenagers and children that participate in some anatomy of organized sport. About 3 million avid sports competitors 14 years of age and beneath acquaintance sports injuries annually, which causes some accident of time of accord in the sport. The Sports Injury Management is for avoiding the major injuries like death, brain injuries, fracture, etc and their treatment.
Most Common injuries :
- Ankle sprain
- Groin pull
- Hamstring strain
- Shin splints
- Knee injury : ACL tear
- Knee injury : Patellofemoral syndrome — injury resulting from the repetitive movement of your kneecap against your thigh bone
- Tennis elbow (epicondylitis)
Be Prepared… the meaning of the motto is that a scout must prepare himself by previous thinking out and practicing how to act on any accident or emergency so that he is never taken by surprise. – Robert Baden-Powell
Sports Injury Management :
There are lots of chances of being injured while playing. If we care few things while playing then we can avoid such things.
How to avoid injuries while playing ?
- Wear protective gear, such as protective pads, helmets, and other gear.
- Know the rules of the game.
- Warm up and cool down.
- Don’t play when you’re injured.
- Watch out for others.
Even though it might be possible that we will make our self-injured while playing. Below are the things that we need to keep in mind while treatment for these injuries.
Assessment of Injuries :
1. ABC :
The human respiratory system includes a series of organs like lungs and the airways. The lungs are responsible for taking oxygen in and expelling carbon dioxide out while breathing. The primary organs of the respiratory system are lungs and the airways, which carry out this exchange of gases as we breathe. The air ways are for passage of air in and out between the noses. The aviation routes (airways) are portrayed as upper and lower. The division amongst upper and lower is at the level of the voice box (larynx).The airways are described as upper and lower. The division between upper and lower is at the level of the voice box (larynx). The upper airway includes the throat (pharynx), the nose and the voice box (larynx). The lower airways include the windpipe (trachea), its branches and the airways of the lungs.
When the nose is blocked we will use our mouth as an airway. The throat allows the passage of food and air. It is the tube at the back of the nose and mouth at below the back of the tongue. The adenoids and tonsils are swellings of lymph tissue that protect the airways from infection, especially in young children. They become smaller as we grow older. The sinuses are chambers containing air within the bones of the skull that form the face and forehead. If mucus blocks them when you get cold, you may get pain in your face and teeth.
Breathing is the process that inhalation of oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide from the lungs. In addition to removing carbon dioxide, breathing results in loss of water from the body.
Circulation is the process of blood movement through the vessels of the body induced by the pumping action of the heart.
2. TOTAPS :
- Active Movement
- Passive Movement
Following questions will help us to get detailed knowledge about the injury of the player.
- What happened?
- What was the mechanism of injury?
- Where does it hurt?
- Did you hear any sounds i.e. cracks, snaps?
- The story of how it happened tells you a lot about the injury.
We need to observe following things once the player injured while playing.
- Look for obvious deformity
- If it doesn’t look right….
- It probably isn’t…
- Look for swelling
- Look for discolouration
- Compare the bad side to the good
It includes following things while checking injury of the player.
If hot more blood
Active movement :
It includes the following points.
- Assess how much movement athlete can do by themselves.
- Is it Full Range?
- When does it get painful?
- Where is it painful?
Passive Movement :
How much movement is there passively? ie movement WE can make compare the bad side to the good side.
If all OK so far then need to test the Athlete with sport specific skill.
Running on the spot
Must be something to test the injury.
Initial treatment of injuries PRICER :
Take player away from the field to avoid further injury as soon as possible.
- Remove player from field
- Rest injured area
- Immobilize area
Why Rest ?
- Reduces further tissue damage
- Reduces blood flow
- Allows for full assessment of injury
- Ice bag, pack
- Ice water bath
- 15 mins/ 5 times a day
Why Ice ?
Cool the area which constricts blood vessels reduces blood flow and fluid leakage, less swelling, pressure and pain.
- Compress injured area with
- Elastic bandage
- Cohesive bandage
- Move distal to proximal
Why Compression ?
- External pressure reduces fluid leakage and bleeding into tissues.
- Provide support the area.
- Immobilizes the area is REST.
Elevate area above height
Why Elevation ?
- Reduces bleeding as blood has to flow uphill.
- Gravity helps to swell to move towards lymph nodes.
Why Referral ?
- Treatment can commence.
- The sooner treatment begins the better the outcome.
Avoid below things(No HARM) while Treatment after Injuries :
- Hot packs
Why NO to Heat ?
Increases blood flow to areas, therefore increases swelling.
No Alcohol :
Includes most things adults enjoy after a game of sports.
Why NO to Alcohol ?
- Thins blood which increases swelling.
- In excess brings on silly behavior.
- Less pain felt, therefore more damage caused.
- Adds toxins to already injured area.
No Running :
Includes running as well as any exercise that is painful.
Why NO to Running?
- Increases in tissue damage.
- Overload to other areas as compensation.
No Massage :
- Rub down
Why NO to Massage ?
- May increases tissue damage.
- Increases blood circulation to the injured area.